This is some notes on Java Style. It is far from complete, thus, I reserve the right to update it without notice :-) It is also a personal preference, so of course YMMV. Caveat lector. Use at own risk. Etc.

What I’ve done some places is to set the IDE preferences, export them to a file, and get each new developer to start by importing those.

Naming

Use upper-camelcase for classes and all class-like things: Customer, SoccerGame, SeasonTicket Class-like things include class, interface, enum, annotation, record

Use lower-camelcase for methods, fields, and local variables: i, customer, currentShoppingCard

Use lower-case only for package names.

Avoid overly-short variable names (except i, j, k…​ as loop indexes, s or sb for very-local String or StringBuilders, etc.). The IDE will type names out for you once they’re known, so:

  • don’t skimp on readability

  • do learn to use name completion!

Formatting

I personally adhere to the "one true brace style" promulgated by Dennis Ritchie who invented the C language, the syntactic ancestor of awk, C++, Java, C#, perl (block syntax only!) and other languages.

if (condition) {
	// handle it
}
for (loop-control-stuff) {
	// do iterated stuff
}

No parens around the expression of a return statement.

return Math.PI * radius * radius;

White space

A single space after all keywords (as above). Single space before and after each operator. No space between method name and "(", nor after "(".

int i = 42 * Math.sqrt(a * a + b * b);

Indent with tabs, not spaces. Set tabstop=4 in your editor.

One indent after: class-like statement, method-header, control-flow

public class Foo {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		if (args.length > 0)
			// Do something with args

One blank line:

  • before each method

  • after the method header (any boilerplate vars such as loggers, serial version UIDs, etc)

  • between "paragraphs" of code that implement major steps of the method’s work.

Expand Imports

Don’t use "*" imports. The IDEs will manage imports for you.

Warning Police

Remove unused imports; Eclipse "Organize Imports will do this. IntelliJ "Optimize imports" for some reason will not, but you can tell it to in Settings.

Remove unused variables, etc.

Get rid of all warnings while there’s only a few. When there are hundreds, they will never go away, and valuable warnings will disappear into the noise.